Generic Xyzal (Levocetirizine) can be used to relieve runny nose, sneezing and inflammation, tearing and itching in the eyes due to hay fever; allergic reactions due to seasonal changes or other substances like pet dander, termites and molds. It's also used in treating signs of hives with intense itching, burning and redness. It belongs to a genre of medication known as antihistamines. It functions by obstructing the action of histamine, a natural component in your body that creates allergic signs and symptoms.
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The ingredient used in Generic Xyzal is Levocetirizine dihydrochloride of 5mg strength and is intended for oral consumption only. Its chemical name is (R)-[2-[4-[(4-chlorophenyl) phenylmethyl]-1-piperazinyl] ethoxy] acetic acid dihydrochloride. It has a molecular weight of 461.82 and C21H25ClN2O3•2HC is its empirical formula. The inactive ingredients are as follows: glacial acetic acid, methyl paraben, saccharin, flavoring, purified water, and sodium ethanoate, and glycerin, n-propyl ester of p-hydroxybenzoic acid, maltitol solution and trihydrate.
Levocetirizine is considered as a third generation antihistamine that is further classified as a non-sedative drug. Pharmacologically, Levocetirizine (Xyzal) is similar to Cetirizine in action. The histamine receptors are significantly suppressed after the oral administration of this non-sedative anti-histamine drug; thereby, reducing the allergic response and symptoms of rhinitis.
Ensure to follow the directions in your prescription label and ask the pharmacist to describe any instruction you don't comprehend
Generic Xyzal is available as an oral tablet form, which should be taken with a glass full of water
The suggested dose of this anti-histamine is 5mg once in day, preferably in the evening or before going to sleep
It is to be taken daily without or with food; get confirmed instructions from your healthcare provider regarding the same
Consume Xyzal tablet just as directed by your health advisor; don't alter its quantity unless prescribed by a doctor
Take this medication preferably at the same time every day, so that you can remember the dosage timing
If you are allergic to Levocetirizine or Cetirizine, ask your doctor before using Xyzal medication
If you unknowingly skip or miss the dose, take it as soon as you remember; if the next dose is near, do not take the missed dose, rather consult your doctor for further management
You should never try to take two doses at a single time, as overdose can possibly lead to health complications that may land you in hospital bed
People undergoing Xyzal treatment should stay away from driving, riding, etc. that are vulnerable to accidents, because Levocetirizine can produce mild to severe dizziness
One should strictly avoid alcohol and other stimulants along with the dosage of this anti-histamine; if taken, one may experience unwanted medical problems
If your symptoms do not subside even after taking Xyzal, ask your doctor for further treatment or alternatives
Keep Generic Xyzal in a safe place, and away from children, heat, direct sunlight and moisture
If you are suffering from any health problems, such as liver/kidney diseases, prostate problems, gall-bladder issues and urinary troubles, tell your medical advisor before using Generic Xyzal
If you are under any kind of therapy, such as anti-asthmatics, antidepressants, tranquilizers, etc. inform your physician
The FDA has categorized Levocetirizine in pregnancy “B” class, and is not anticipated to harm the fetus
But in case of breast feeding, this anti-allergic drug can pass through the breast milk that may harm the infant; hence, nursing mothers should seek a medical advice before using Xyzal medication
This antihistamine is not recommended for children below 6 months of age
Usually, physicians prescribe Generic Xyzal after diagnosing the case of allergic rhinitis or urticaria from 1 week to 6 months depending on the severity and frequency of the symptoms. In acute cases, one may required to take for a week or two without skipping the dose, whereas in chronic cases, it may take time to cure the diseases. Therefore, it is safe to ask your healthcare professional regarding exact duration of therapy with Levocetirizine.
Probable Side Effects
Pain in chest
Swelling of lips, face and tongue
If any of these symptoms occur and persist, call the general practitioner right away for appropriate medical intervention.
Medications such as sedatives, pain killers, muscle relaxants, sleeping pills, antidepressants, anti-convulsants and drugs acting on brain chemicals can add to severe drowsiness if taken in combination with Xyzal. Clinical trials suggest that Theophylline (bronchodilator) and Ritonavir (drug used for HIV infection) may produce adverse drug interactions if taken in conjunction with Levocetirizine, hence inform your doctor about all your medications before starting up the treatment.
Stay away from Generic Xyzal, if you are having below-mentioned health issues –
Sensitive to any therapeutic drugs and Levocetirizine or Cetirizine